History of the OECD Nuclear Energy Agency

Timeline

  • 1940
  • 1948

  • 16 April

    The Organisation for European Economic Co-operation (OEEC) established.

  • 1950
  • 1953

  • 14 December

    Secretary‑General submits report to the OEEC Council of Ministers on energy supply difficulties.

  • 1955

  • June

    Report by Louis Armand citing potential of nuclear energy and need for European co-operation published.

  • 10 June

    Working Party on Nuclear Energy set up.

  • 8-20 August

    United Nations conference on the peaceful uses of atomic energy held.

  • 1956

  • 29 February

    The OEEC Council of Ministers establishes a Special Committee on Nuclear Energy; four working parties develop proposals.

  • 18 July

    The OEEC Council of Ministers responds to the working parties' proposals with a series of actions, including the establishment of a Steering Committee for Nuclear Energy (SCNE).

  • 1957

  • 24 January

    Working Group on Harmonisation of Legislation established to examine third party liability for damage caused by the peaceful use of nuclear energy (11 members of OEEC join).

  • 21 March

    Working Party on Public Health and Safety established by SCNE.

  • 3 July

    Group of Governmental Experts on Third Party Liability in the Field of Nuclear Energy established by SCNE, replacing former Working Group (first meeting held 22 January 1958).

  • 29 July
  • 20 December

    The European Nuclear Energy Agency (ENEA) established by Council of Ministers' decision.

  • 1958

  • P. Huet, Director‑General (1958-1964)

  • 1 February

    The ENEA Statute enters into force (all 17 OEEC members join the ENEA): Austria, Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Greece, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey the United Kingdom. Canada and the United States are associate members.

  • 21 February

    The Health and Safety Sub‑committee (HSC) established.

  • 11 June

    Halden Reactor Project established.

  • 1959

  • July

    High Temperature Gas-Cooled Reactor Project (Dragon) Project launched.

  • 20 July

    Spain becomes a full member of the OEEC and thereby the ENEA.

  • 1960
  • 1960

  • 29 July

    Paris Convention on Third Party Liability in the Field of Nuclear Energy adopted by the OEEC Council.

  • 30 September

    An agreement for co-operation signed between the ENEA and the IAEA.

  • 14 December

    Convention establishing the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) signed in Paris, France.

  • 1961

  • OEEC becomes OECD

  • 1963

  • 31 January

    Brussels Convention Supplementary to the Paris Convention adopted.

  • November

    Study Group on Long-Term Role of Nuclear Energy (NELT) established.

  • 1964

  • E. Saeland, Director‑General (1964-1977)

  • January

    ENEA common services created: Computer Program Library in Ispra, Italy; Neutron Data Compilation Centre (CCDN) in Saclay, France.

  • 1965

  • 23 February

    Japan joins ENEA as an associate member.

  • June

    The Committee on Reactor Safety Technology (CREST) established.

  • 1970
  • 1972

  • 20 April

    Japan becomes a member.

  • 20 April

    The Agency changes its name from ENEA to Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA).

  • 1973

  • 1 October

    Australia becomes a member.

  • 1 February

    The Committee on the Safety of Nuclear Installations (CSNI) is established, replacing the CREST and taking on the regulatory functions of HSC.

  • 18 April

    The Committee on Radiation Protection and Public Health (CRPPH) is established, replacing the Health and Safety Committee.

  • 1975

  • 1 April

    Canada becomes a member.

  • 23 June

    The Radioactive Waste Management Committee is established.

  • 1976

  • 1 January

    Finland becomes a member.

  • 31 March

    The High Temperature Gas-Cooled Reactor Project (Dragon) Project concluded.

  • 1 October

    The United States becomes a member.

  • 1977

  • I. Williams, Director‑General (1977-1982)

  • 1978

  • January

    The Data Bank established in Saclay, France.

  • 1980
  • January

    The Incident Reporting System (IRS) is established by CSNI for the exchange of information on incidents in reactor operations.

  • 1982

  • H. Shapar, Director‑General (1982-1988)

  • 1984

  • October

    The Joint NEA/IAEA Uranium Group is established.

  • 1987

  • 1988

  • K. Uematsu, Director‑General (1988-1995)

  • 3 October

    The Committee on Nuclear Regulatory Activities (CNRA) is established, splitting off regulatory activities from the CSNI.

  • 1990
  • March

    The International Nuclear Event Scale (INES) is established by NEA and IAEA to standardise reporting of nuclear incidents and accidents to the public.

  • 1991

  • 1 October

    The Nuclear Science Committee (NSC) is established.

  • 18 November
  • 1992

  • 1993

  • March-May
  • 24 May

    South Korea becomes a member

  • 1994

  • 18 May

    Mexico becomes a member.

  • 1995

  • S. Thompson, Acting Director‑General (1995-1997)

  • 1996

  • 27 June

    The Czech Republic and Hungary become members.

  • 1997

  • L. Ech√°varri, Director‑General (1997-2014)

  • 3 May

    A High Level Advisory Group on the Future Role of the OECD Nuclear Energy Agency (HLAG) is established by the Secretary‑General.

  • 1998

  • 29 January

    The report of the High Level Advisory Group on the Future Role of the OECD Nuclear Energy Agency (HLAG) is completed.

  • 1999

  • 3 January
  • 2000
  • 12 October

    The Nuclear Law Committee (NLC) established, replacing the Group of Governmental Experts on Third Party Liability in the Field of Nuclear Energy.

  • 2001

  • 27 August

    The International School of Nuclear Law (ISNL) is established jointly with the University of Montpellier I, Montpellier, France.

  • 2002

  • March

    The NEA, IAEA, and World Association of Nuclear Operators launch joint Nuclear Events Web-based System (NEWS) to transmit information on nuclear incidents.

  • 13 June

    The Slovak Republic becomes a member.

  • 2004

  • 27 January

    The NEA becomes Technical Secretariat for the Generation IV International Forum (GIF).

  • 2005

  • 14-15 June

    The first NEA Safety and Regulation Forum on Multilateral Co‑operation in Nuclear Safety Research and Regulation held.

  • 2006

  • 22 September

    The NEA becomes Technical Secretariat for Stage 2 of the Multinational Design Evaluation Program (MDEP).

  • 2007

  • 21 March

    An agreement for co‑operation with Russia signed.

  • 2008

  • 1 February

    50th anniversary of the NEA.

  • 2010
  • 18 November

    Poland becomes a member.

  • 2011

  • 12 May

    Slovenia becomes a member.

  • 2013

  • 1 January

    Russia becomes a member.

  • 2014

  • 1 September

    W. D. Magwood, IV, Director‑General (2014-present)

  • 2015

  • 26 February

    GIF Framework Agreement extended for ten years.

  • 2017

  • 1 September

    Argentina becomes a member.

  • 15 October

    Romania becomes a member.

  • 2018

  • 1 February

    60th anniversary of the NEA.

Last reviewed: 1 March 2018

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