Nuclear science is the study of the atomic nuclei and their application, including in nuclear power plants, atomic theory and radiation.
In nuclear science, identification, collation, development and dissemination of basic scientific and technical knowledge is required to ensure safe, reliable and economic operation of current nuclear systems and to develop next-generation technologies.
The NEA nuclear science programme is developed and executed by the Nuclear Science Committee (NSC), comprising high-level scientific experts from all NEA member countries. Asecretarial support to the NSC is provided by the Division of Nuclear Science.
The NEA's objectives in this area are to:
The NSC maintains close co-operation with the NEA Data Bank, because of the mutual benefit gained between the programme of work of the Data Bank and the type of activities pursued within the nuclear science programme.
Understanding fuel performance is a key condition for successful reactor operation. Scientific knowledge in this domain was conceived by experimental tests encoded into software routines to ensure accurate prediction of fuel performance properties at steady-state and off-normal conditions.