Refined models for best-estimate calculations based on good-quality experimental data can improve the understanding of phenomena and the quantification of margins for operating nuclear power reactors. According to experts, refinements should not be limited to currently available macroscopic approaches but should be extended to next-generation approaches that focus on more microscopic processes. Multi-scale/multi-physics approaches are the way forward in this respect.
This report describes the specification of an international benchmark based on high-quality fine mesh data, released through the government of Japan and the Nuclear Power Engineering Corporation (NUPEC), with the aim of advancing the insufficiently developed field of two-phase flow theory. It has been designed for systematically assessing and comparing different numerical models used for predicting detailed void distributions and critical powers.
Additional volumes concerning this benchmark are planned and are intended to show to what extent the most recent approaches are capable of predicting two-phase flow phenomena.