Convention on Early Notification of a Nuclear Accident (Early Notification Convention)
Ongoing

The Early Notification Convention establishes a notification system for nuclear accidents that have the potential for an international transboundary release of radioactive material that could be of radiological safety significance for another state.

 

Adopted: 26 September 1986

Opened for signature: 26 September 1986 (Vienna) and 6 October 1986 (New York)

Entered into force: 27 October 1986

Parties: 130 (including EURATOM, FAO, WHO and WMO) (see table below)

 

More information on the Early Notification Convention, including the text, is available here.

The text of the Early Notification Convention is also reproduced in the Supplement to Nuclear Law Bulletin No. 38.

The current status of the Early Notification Convention is available here.

The following articles related to the Early Notification Convention were published in the Nuclear Law Bulletin:

  • The IAEA Conventions on Early Notification of a Nuclear Accident and on Assistance in the Case of a Nuclear Accident or Radiological Emergency, by B. Moser (NLB 44, p. 10). 
  • Inside nuclear baseball: Reflections on the development of the safety conventions, by C. Stoiber (NLB 100, p. 61).
  • The impact of the major nuclear power plant accidents on the international legal framework for nuclear power, by S.G. Burns (NLB 101, p. 7).

 

Parties to the Convention on Early Notification of a Nuclear Accident

Albania

Ecuador

Lithuania

Rwanda

Algeria

El Salvador

Luxembourg

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

Angola

Egypt

Madagascar Saudi Arabia

Argentina*

Eritrea

Malaysia Senegal

Armenia*

Estonia

Mali Serbia

Australia

Finland*

Mauritania Singapore

Austria

France*

Mauritius Slovak Republic*

Bahrain

Gabon

Mexico* Slovenia*

Bangladesh

Georgia

Moldova South Africa*

Belarus*

Germany*

Monaco Spain*

Belgium*

Ghana

Mongolia Sri Lanka

Benin

Greece

Montenegro Sweden*

Bolivia

Guatemala

Morocco Switzerland*

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Hungary*

Mozambique Syrian Arab Republic

Botswana

Iceland

Myanmar Tajikistan

Brazil*

India*

Namibia Tanzania

Bulgaria*

Indonesia

Netherlands* Thailand

Burkina Faso

Iran*

New Zealand Tunisia

Cambodia

Iraq

Nicaragua Turkey

Cameroon

Ireland

Nigeria Ukraine*

Canada*

Israel

North Macedonia United Arab Emirates*

Chile

Italy

Norway United Kingdom*

China*

Japan*

Oman United States*

Colombia

Jordan

Pakistan* Uruguay
Congo

Kazakhstan

Panama Venezuela
Costa Rica

Korea*

Paraguay Viet Nam
Côte d'Ivoire

Kuwait

Peru Zimbabwe
Croatia

Lao People's Democratic Republic

Philippines

EURATOM

Cuba

Latvia

Poland

Food and Agriculture Organization

Cyprus

Lebanon

Portugal

World Health Organization

Czech Republic*

Lesotho

Qatar

World Meteorological Organization

Denmark

Libya

Romania*

 

Dominican Republic

Liechtenstein

Russia*

 

* Country with at least one nuclear power plant in operation.